Unix And Linux Corresponding Commands Table
Directory Mappings  AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) SOLARIS Tru64
Root filesystem /              {/dev/hd4} /       {/dev/ad0s1a} /          {/dev/vg00/lvol1} /                  {/dev/sda1} /  {/dev/vx/dsk/rootvol} /     {/dev/rz0a}
Home Directory /home          {/dev/hd1} /home      {/dev/vg00/lvol4} /export/home
/tmp           {/dev/hd3} /tmp       {/dev/vg00/lvol6} /tmp 
/usr           {/dev/hd2} /usr    {/dev/ad0s1f} /usr       {/dev/vg00/lvol7} /usr  /usr    {/dev/rz0g}
/var        {/dev/hd9var} /var    {/dev/ad0s1e} /var       {/dev/vg00/lvol8} /var
Sample configuration files - /usr/newconfig
User Accounts AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) Solaris Tru64
Password files /etc/passwd /etc/passwd /etc/passwd /etc/passwd /etc/passwd  /etc/passwd 
/etc/security/passwd /etc/master.passwd /tcb/files/auth/r/root /etc/shadow /etc/shadow
Groups file /etc/group /etc/group /etc/group /etc/group /etc/group /etc/group
/etc/security/group /etc/logingroup
Maximum # of user ID 4294967295 65535 2147483647 65535 2147483647 65535
Allow/Deny remote login /etc/security/user /etc/ttys  /etc/securetty /etc/securetty /etc/default/login /etc/securettys
{rlogin=true} {secure} {console} {ttyp1} {CONSOLE=/dev/console} {ttyp1}
User nobody's id # 4294967294 65534 -2 99 60001 & 65534(nobody4) 65534
Group nobody's id # 4294967294 65534 -2(nogroup) 99 60002 & 65534(nogroup) 65534
Recover root password boot from CD/Tape ok boot -s >boot {lilo} boot cdrom -s press the HALT Button or (Control-P)
Installation/Maintenance passwd root Interact with IPL ? Y control-x mkdir /tmp/a »>boot -fl s
Start Limited Shell ISL>hpux -iS linux S mount /dev/c0t0d0s0 /tmp/a lsmbstartup
getrootfs hdisk0 passwd root passwd root vi /tmp/a/etc/shadow /sbin/bcheckrc
vi /etc/security/passwd passwd root
kernel vmlinuz-2.4.9-13 single   ro root=/dev/hda8
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-13.img
passwd root
Create new user mkuser adduser useradd useradd useradd useradd
Delete user rmuser rmuser userdel userdel userdel userdel
List users lsuser -f ALL logins logins
Modify user account chuser -a usermod usermod usermod usermod
General Commands AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) Solaris Tru64
Unique host ID hostid uname -i hostid hostid hostid
Administrator smit sam linuxconf admintool sysman
Performance monitor top top top top top top
monitor glance
System activity reporter sar sa sar sar {sysstat} sar /usr/opt/svr4/bin/sar
Virtual Memory statistics vmstat vmstat vmstat vmstat vmstat vmstat
I/O statistics iostat iostat iostat iostat {sysstat} iostat iostat
Error logs alog -o -t boot dmesg dmesg dmesg  dmesg uerf -R -o full
Physical RAM 1TB 4TB 64 GB {>2.3.24} 16TB 4TB
Shared Memory 2.75GB 8TB sysctl kernel.shmmax
Process Data Space 2GB 4GB 900 MB
Swap device /dev/hd6 /dev/ad0s1b /dev/vg00/lvol2 /dev/sda2 /dev/vx/dsk/swapvol /dev/rz0b
Swap file type /etc/swapspaces swap swap partition type 82  swap raw
Display swap size lsps -a swapinfo swapinfo -a free swap -l swapon -s
Activate Swap swapon -a swapon -a swapon -a swapon -a swap -a swapon -a
Printers AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX Solaris Tru64
Printer Queues /etc/qconfig /var/spool/print /etc/lp/interface/* /var/spool/lpd/lp/* /etc/lp/interfaces/* /usr/spool/lpd
Stop LP  stopsrc -s lpd lpshut /etc/init.d/lpd stop /usr/lib/lp/lpshut /sbin/init.d/lpd stop
Start LP startsrc -s lpd lpd lpsched /etc/init.d/lpd start /usr/lib/lp/lpsched /sbin/init.d/lpd start
Submit print jobs enq lp lp lpr lp lp
lp lpr lpr
LP statistics enq -A lpq lpstat lpq lpstat lpstat
Remove print jobs cancel cancel cancel lprm cancel cancel
lprm lprm lprm lprm
enq -x
Add printer queue smit mkpq lpadmin -p pq printtool lpadmin -p pq lprsetup
Remove Printer queue smit rmpq lpadmin -x pq lpadmin -x pq lprsetup
Make default printer export LPDEST="pq" lpadmin -d pq lpadmin -d pq export PRINTER="lp"
TCP/IP AIX HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) Solaris Tru64
Network IP configuration lsattr -E -l inet0 /etc/rc.conf /etc/rc.config.d/netconf /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/  /etc/hostname.* /etc/rc.config
Hosts IP addresses /etc/hosts /etc/hosts /etc/hosts /etc/hosts /etc/inet/hosts /etc/hosts
Name service switch /etc/netsvc.conf /etc/host.conf /etc/nsswitch.conf /etc/nsswitch.conf /etc/nsswitch.conf /etc/svc.conf
Network parameters no -a sysctl ndd -h sysctl -a | grep net ndd /dev/[tcp|ip] ?
Routing daemon gated routed gated routed in.routed routed
NIC Configurations ifconfig -a ifconfig -a lanscan -v ifconfig -a ifconfig -a ifconfig -a
Secondary IP Address ifconfig en0 alias IP  ifconfig xl0 alias IP ifconfig lan0:1 IP  modprobe ip_alias ifconfig hme0:1 IP up ifconfig ln0 alias
ifconfig eth0:1 IP
Login prompt HERALD @ telnetd -b /etc/issue  /etc/issue BANNER @ /etc/issue
/etc/security/login.cfg  /etc/default/telnetd
Increase the # of pseudo-terminals odmget -q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty" PdAt | sed "s/0-64/0-512/" | rebuild your kernel with these new values NPTY=#  cd /dev {/etc/system} cd /dev
odmchange -q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty" -o PdAt NSTRPY=# ./MAKEDEV -v pty set pt_cnt = #   {SYSV} ./MAKEDEV PTY_1
set npty = #      {BSD}
chdev -l pty0 -anum=256 -P reboot
reboot {/etc/iu.ap}
insf -d ptys -n # ptsl 0 # ldterm ttcompat
insf -d ptym -n #
insf -d pts -s # -e -v halt
boot -r
Maximum # of ptys 512 {MAXUSERS} 256 176                {BSD} 8192
3000              {SYSV}
Remote Shell remsh rsh remsh rsh rsh rsh
YP/NIS service binder /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind  /usr/sbin/ypbind /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind  /sbin/ypbind /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind /usr/sbin/ypbind
System Files AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) Solaris Tru64
NFS exported /etc/exports /etc/exports /etc/exports /etc/exports /etc/dfs/dfstab /etc/exports
NFS Client mounted directories /etc/xtab /etc/xtab /var/lib/nfs/xtab /etc/rmtab /var/adm/mountdtab
Max File System 128 GB 128 GB 2 TB  1 TB 128 GB {<= 3.2G}
8000 TB {vxfs} 512 GB {>= 4.0}
16 TB {advfs}
Max File Size 64 GB 128 GB 2 GB     {512B block size}  1 TB 128 GB {<= 3.2G}
8192 GB  {8KB block size}  2 GB {=<2.5.1} 512 GB {>= 4.0}
16 TB {advfs}
Max # File Descriptors 64 K 60~ K sysctl fs.file-max 64 K 64 K
DISK/LVM Commands AIX FreeBSD HP-UX:Disk &Filesystem LINUX(RedHat) SOLARIS Tru64
Filesystem table /etc/filesystems /etc/fstab /etc/fstab /etc/fstab /etc/vfstab /etc/fstab
Free disk blocks df -k df -k bdf df -k df -k df -k
Device listing lsdev -C /sbin/ioscan cat /proc/devices sysdef
Disk information bootinfo -s hdisk#  fdisk -v ad0 diskinfo /dev/rdsk/c#t#d# cat /proc/scsi/scsi0/sda/model format -d c#t#d# file /dev/rrz0c
Disk Label lspv -l hdisk# disklabel ad0 pvdisplay -v /dev/dsk/C#t#d# fdisk -l prtvtoc disklabel -p rz0
LVM Concepts Partition  sub disk logical extents logical extents sub disk sub disk
Volume Volume logical volume logical volume Volume Volume
Plex Plex Plex
Volume group volume group volume group disk group disk group
Journal Filesystem type jfs vxfs ext3 vxfs advfs
Default volume group /dev/rootvg /dev/vg00 /dev/vx/dsk/rootdg /dev/vol/rootdg
Display volume group lsvg -l rootvg vgdisplay -v vg00 vgdisplay -v vxprint -l -g rootdg volprint -l -g rootdg
Modify physical volume chpv pvchange pvchange
Prepare physical disk mkdev -c disk -l hdisk# pvcreate pvcreate vxdiskadd voldiskadd
List physical volume lspv vinum ld pvdisplay pvdisplay vxprint -dl volprint -dl
Remove disk from volume group reducevg vgreduce vgreduce vxdg rmdisk voldg rmdisk
Move logical volumes to another physical volumes migratepv vinum move -f drive object pvmove pvmove vxassist move volassist move
Create volume group mkvg vgcreate vgcreate vxdg init voldg init
Remove volume group vgremove vgremove
Volume group availability chvg vgchange vgchange
Restore volume group vgcfgrestore vgcfgrestore
Exports volume group exportvg vgexport vgexport vxdg deport voldg deport
Imports volume group importvg vgimport vgimport vxdg import voldg import
Volume group listing lsvg vgscan vgscan
Change logical volume characteristics  chlv lvchange lvchange  vxedit set voledit set
List logical volume lslv vinum lv lvdisplay lvdisplay vxprint -vl volprint -vl
Make logical volume mklv lvcreate lvcreate vxassist make volassist make
Extend logical volume extendlv lvextend lvextend vxassist growto volassist growto
Reduce logical volume AIX reduce LV lvreduce lvreduce vxassist shrinkto volassist shrinkto
Remove logical volume rmlv vinum rm vol lvremove lvremove vxedit rm voledit -g rootdg -rf rm vol1
Prepare boot volumes bootlist -m normal lvlnboot lilo vxbootsetup
Remove boot volumes lvrmboot
Extend File system chfs -a size=# /mt extendfs /dev/vg00/lvol8 resize2fs vxva
fsadm -F vxfs -b {LE * 1024} /mt resize_reiserfs mkfs -M
Reduce/Split mirrors rmlvcopy lvsplit lvsplit
Merge mirrors lvmerge lvmerge
Create mirrors mklv -c 2 vinum mirror drive lvcreate -m 1 vxassist mirror volassist make vol 100mb mirror=true
Add mirrors mklvcopy lv 2  lvextend -m 1
Create striped volumes mklv -u 3 -S 64K vinum stripe drive lvcreate -i 3 -I 64 lvcreate -i 3 -I 64 vxassist make vol 100mb layout=raid5 volassist make vol 100mb layout=stripe
System recovery tape mksysb -i /dev/rmt0 /opt/ignite/bin/make_recovery /usr/sys/bin/btcreate
Backup savevg -i rootvg vinum saveconfig fbackup tar cvf /dev/rst0 / ufsdump vdump
Restore restvg  frecover tar xvf /dev/rst0  ufsrestore vrestore
MISC AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) Solaris Tru64
Startup script /etc/rc /etc/rc /sbin/rc /etc/rc.d/rc /etc/init.d /sbin/init.d
Kernel /usr/lib/boot/unix_up /kernel /stand/vmunix /boot/vmlinuz /kernel/genunix /vmunix
Kernel Parameters lsattr -E -l sys0 sysctl -a sysdef sysctl -a sysdef -i sysconfig
kmtune dxkerneltuner
Reconfigure the kernel chdev -l sys0 -a  cd /sys/i386/conf cd /stand/build cd /usr/src/linux  vi /etc/system doconfig
vi KERNEL /usr/lbin/sysadm/system_prep -v -s system make mrproper  reboot
config KERNEL vi system make menuconfig 
cd ../../compile/KERNEL mk_kernel -s system make dep 
make depend cd /stand make clean 
make mv system system.prev make bzImage
make install mv vmunix vmunix.prev make install
mv dlkm dlkm.prev make modules
mv /stand/build/system system make modules_install
kmupdate /stand/build/vmunix_test
cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/vmlinuz-2.2.16
mkinitrd /boot/initrd-2.2.16.img 2.2.16
vi /etc/lilo.conf
List modules genkex kldstat kmadmin -s lsmod modinfo
Load module kldload kmadmin -L insmod modload
Unload module kldunload kmadmin -U rmmod modunload
Initialize system install_assist /stand/sysinstall set_parms initial netconf sys-unconfig netsetup
Physical RAM bootinfo -r sysctl hw.physmem grep -i Physical /var/adm/syslog/syslog.log free prtconf uerf | grep memory
Kernel Bits bootinfo -K getconf KERNEL_BITS getconf LONG_BIT isainfo -kv 64
Crash utility crash crash adb lcrash crash kdbx
Trace System Calls syscalls truss tusc strace truss trace
Machine model uname -m uname -m model uname -m uname -imp uname -p
bootinfo -m uname -m
OS Level oslevel uname -r uname -r uname -r uname -r sizer -v
Run Level who -r who -r runlevel who -r who -r
Core dump files /var/adm/ras /var/adm/crash /var/crash/`uname -n`
Boot single user Key on service mode/F4 ok boot -s >boot {lilo} ok boot -s »> boot -fl s
Boot from CD/Tape Interact with IPL ? Y control-x
Select Maintenance ISL>hpux -iS linux S
Limited function Shell
kernel vmlinuz-2.4.9-13 single   ro root=/dev/hda8
initrd /initrd-2.4.9-13.img
Maintenance mode ok boot -as >boot ok boot -as
Interact with IPL ? Y
ISL>hpux -lm
Interrupt Key control-B Stop-A control-P
Return to console co ok go
Timezone Management /etc/environment /etc/localtime /etc/TIMEZONE /etc/sysconfig/clock /etc/TIMEZONE /etc/svid3_tz
/etc/profile /etc/default/init timezone
NTP Daemon /etc/ntp.conf /etc/rc.conf {xntpd_enable="YES"} /etc/rc.config.d/netdaemons /etc/ntp.conf /etc/inet/ntp.conf rcmgr set XNTPD_CONF YES
startsrc -s xntpd /etc/rc.network /sbin/init.d/xntpd /etc/rc.d/init.d/xntpd /etc/init.d/xntpd /sbin/init.d/xntpd
Software AIX HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) SOLARIS Tru64
Install Software installp -a pkg_add swinstall rpm -i package pkgadd setld -l
Uninstall software installp -u pkg_delete swremove rpm -e package pkgrm setld -d
List installed software lslpp -L all pkg_info -a swlist rpm -qa pkginfo setld -i
Verify installed software lppchk -v swlist -l fileset -a state rpm -V package pkginfo -i setld -v
pkginfo -p
List all files lslpp -f fileset pkg_info -L package swlist -l file fileset rpm -ql package pkgchk -l package setld -i package
List installed patches instfix -i swlist -l patch patchadd -p dupatch -track -type patch
what /stand/vmunix
Package owner lslpp -w path swlist -l file | grep path rpm -qf file pkgchk -l -p path
SW Directory /usr/lpp /var/db/pkg /var/adm/sw/ /var/lib/rpm /var/sadm /var/adm/smlogs
Devices AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) Solaris Tru64
Devices /dev /dev /dev /dev /devices /dev
Install devices for attached peripherals cfgmgr -v /dev/MAKEDEV insf -e /dev/MAKEDEV drvconfig scu scan edt
devlinks scsimgr -scan_all
Remove device rmdev -l rmsf rem_drv
Device drivers lscfg lsdev prtconf -D
CPU lsdev -Cc processor sysctl hw.model ioscan -fnC processor cat /proc/cpuinfo psrinfo -v psrinfo -v
List Terminal lsdev -Cc tty ioscan -fnC tty pmadm -l
Diagnostics diag pciconf -l stm lspci /usr/platform/`uname -m`/
pnpdump sbin/prtdiag
ok test-all
Whole Disk /dev/hdisk# /dev/ad0s1c /dev/dsk/c#t#d0 /dev/sda /dev/c#t#d0s2 /dev/rz0c
CDROM /dev/cd0 /dev/acd0c /dev/dsk/c#t2d0 /dev/cdrom /dev/dsk/c#t6d0s2 /dev/rz3c
CDROM file type cdrfs cd9660 cdfs iso9660 hsfs cdfs
Rewinding tape drive /dev/rmt0 /dev/rwt0d /dev/rmt/0m /dev/rst0               { c 9 0} /dev/rmt/0 /dev/rmt0
Non-rewinding tape drive /dev/rmt0.1 /dev/nrwt0d /dev/rmt/0mn /dev/nrst0           { c 9 128 } /dev/rmt/0n /dev/nrmt0
Floppy drive /dev/rfd0 /dev/fd0 - /dev/fd0 /dev/diskette /dev/fd0c
Links AIX FreeBSD HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) Solaris Tru64
Online Manual AIX 5.3 Docs FreeBSD Hand Book HP-UX Reference Manual Linux Documentation Project Solaris 10 Documentation Tru64 Documents
Technical Support p5 TechSupport IT Resource Center Red Hat support SunSolve Alpha Systems Support
Phone Number 1-800-CALL-AIX 1-800-633-3600 1-888-REDHAT1 1-800-USA-4SUN 1-800-474-6836
Free Software Public Domain Software Library FreeBSD Primary Site HP-UX Ports Linux Software Map Sun Freeware Tru64 Demos, Shareware & Freeware
Certification www.ibm.com education.hp.com RHCE suned.sun.com ASE Information