Json With Java

JSON与JAVA的数据转换

本文介绍如何使用JSON-lib这个Java类包实现Java的数据转换。通过此类包可以把bean,map和XML转换成JSON并能够把JSON转回成bean和DynaBean。
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JSON-lib这个Java类包用于把bean,map和XML转换成JSON并能够把JSON转回成bean和DynaBean。

下载地址:http://json-lib.sourceforge.net/

还要需要的第3方包:

org.apache.commons(3.2以上版本)
org.apache.oro
net.sf.ezmorph(ezmorph-1.0.4.jar)
nu.xom

1、List

boolean[] boolArray = new boolean[]{true,false,true};
JSONArray jsonArray1 = JSONArray.fromObject( boolArray );
System.out.println( jsonArray1 );
// prints [true,false,true]

List list = new ArrayList();
list.add( "first" );
list.add( "second" );
JSONArray jsonArray2 = JSONArray.fromObject( list );
System.out.println( jsonArray2 );
/ prints ["first","second"]

JSONArray jsonArray3 = JSONArray.fromObject( "['json','is','easy']" );
System.out.println( jsonArray3 );
// prints ["json","is","easy"]

boolean[] boolArray = new boolean[]{true,false,true};
JSONArray jsonArray1 = JSONArray.fromObject( boolArray );
System.out.println( jsonArray1 );
// prints [true,false,true]

List list = new ArrayList();
list.add( "first" );
list.add( "second" );
JSONArray jsonArray2 = JSONArray.fromObject( list );
System.out.println( jsonArray2 );
// prints ["first","second"]

JSONArray jsonArray3 = JSONArray.fromObject( "['json','is','easy']" );
System.out.println( jsonArray3 );
// prints ["json","is","easy"]

2、Map

Map map = new HashMap();
map.put( "name", "json" );
map.put( "bool", Boolean.TRUE );

map.put( "int", new Integer(1) );
map.put( "arr", new String[]{"a","b"} );
map.put( "func", "function(i){ return this.arr[i]; }" );
JSONObject json = JSONObject.fromObject( map );
System.out.println( json );
//{"func":function(i){ return this.arr[i]; },"arr":["a","b"],"int":1,"name":"json","bool":true}

Map map = new HashMap();
map.put( "name", "json" );
map.put( "bool", Boolean.TRUE );

map.put( "int", new Integer(1) );
map.put( "arr", new String[]{"a","b"} );
map.put( "func", "function(i){ return this.arr[i]; }" );
JSONObject json = JSONObject.fromObject( map );
System.out.println( json );
//{"func":function(i){ return this.arr[i]; },"arr":["a","b"],"int":1,"name":"json","bool":true}

3、BEAN

JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject( new JsonBean() );
System.out.println( jsonObject );
//{"func1":function(i){ return this.options[i]; },"pojoId":1,"name":"json","options":["a","f"],"func2":function(i){ return this.options[i]; }}

JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject( new JsonBean() );
System.out.println( jsonObject );
//{"func1":function(i){ return this.options[i]; },"pojoId":1,"name":"json","options":["a","f"],"func2":function(i){ return this.options[i]; }}

4、BEANS

List list = new ArrayList();
JsonBean2 jb1 = new JsonBean2();
jb1.setCol(1);
jb1.setRow(1);
jb1.setValue("xx");

JsonBean2 jb2 = new JsonBean2();
jb2.setCol(2);
jb2.setRow(2);
jb2.setValue("");

list.add(jb1);
list.add(jb2);

JSONArray ja = JSONArray.fromObject(list);
System.out.println( ja.toString() );
//[{"value":"xx","row":1,"col":1},{"value":"","row":2,"col":2}]

List list = new ArrayList();
JsonBean2 jb1 = new JsonBean2();
jb1.setCol(1);
jb1.setRow(1);
jb1.setValue("xx");

JsonBean2 jb2 = new JsonBean2();
jb2.setCol(2);
jb2.setRow(2);
jb2.setValue("");

list.add(jb1);
list.add(jb2);

JSONArray ja = JSONArray.fromObject(list);
System.out.println( ja.toString() );
//[{"value":"xx","row":1,"col":1},{"value":"","row":2,"col":2}]

5、String to bean

String json = "{name=\"json\",bool:true,int:1,double:2.2,func:function(a){ return a; },array:[1,2]}";
JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromString(json);
Object bean = JSONObject.toBean( jsonObject );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "name" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "name" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "bool" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "bool" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "int" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "int" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "double" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "double" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "func" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "func" ) );
List expected = JSONArray.toList( jsonObject.getJSONArray( "array" ) );
assertEquals( expected, (List) PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "array" ) );

String json = "{name=\"json\",bool:true,int:1,double:2.2,func:function(a){ return a; },array:[1,2]}";
JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromString(json);
Object bean = JSONObject.toBean( jsonObject );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "name" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "name" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "bool" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "bool" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "int" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "int" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "double" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "double" ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "func" ), PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "func" ) );
List expected = JSONArray.toList( jsonObject.getJSONArray( "array" ) );
assertEquals( expected, (List) PropertyUtils.getProperty( bean, "array" ) );

String json = "{\"value\":\"xx\",\"row\":1,\"col\":1}";
JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromString(json);
JsonBean2 bean = (JsonBean2) JSONObject.toBean( jsonObject, JsonBean2.class );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "col" ),new Integer( bean.getCol()) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "row" ), new Integer( bean.getRow() ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "value" ), bean.getValue() );

String json = "{\"value\":\"xx\",\"row\":1,\"col\":1}";
JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromString(json);
JsonBean2 bean = (JsonBean2) JSONObject.toBean( jsonObject, JsonBean2.class );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "col" ),new Integer( bean.getCol()) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "row" ), new Integer( bean.getRow() ) );
assertEquals( jsonObject.get( "value" ), bean.getValue() );

6 json to xml

1)

JSONObject json = new JSONObject( true );
String xml = XMLSerializer.write( json );
< o class="object" null="true">

2)

JSONObject json = JSONObject.fromObject("{\"name\":\"json\",\"bool\":true,\"int\":1}");
String xml = XMLSerializer.write( json );

< o class="object">
< name type="string">json< /name>
< bool type="boolean">true< /bool>
< int type="number">1< /int>
< /o>
< o class="object">
< name type="string">json< /name>
< bool type="boolean">true< /bool>
< int type="number">1< /int>
< /o>

3)

JSONArray json = JSONArray.fromObject("[1,2,3]");
String xml = XMLSerializer.write( json );

< a class="array">
< e type="number">1< /e>
< e type="number">2< /e>
< e type="number">3< /e>
< /a>

7 、xml to json

< a class="array">
< e type="function" params="i,j">
return matrix[i][j];
< /e>
< /a>
< a class="array">
< e type="function" params="i,j">
return matrix[i][j];
< /e>
< /a>
JSONArray json = (JSONArray) XMLSerializer.read( xml );
System.out.println( json );
// prints [function(i,j){ return matrix[i][j]; }]